"We fly, but we have not 'conquered' the air. "

"I am well convinced that Aerial Navigation will form a most prominent feature in the progress of civilization. (1804)" ― George Cayley


"If you are made for flight, intended for it, you had better find a pursuer, fast. Otherwise, all that fleeing is going nowhere." ― Dan Chiasson "It is beautiful to discover our wings and learn how to fly; flight is a beautiful process. But then to rest on the wings of God as He flies: this is divine." ― C. JoyBell C.

Regional Connectivity Scheme- UDAN

The Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA), Government of India released the National Civil Aviation Policy 2016 (NCAP 2016). One of the objectives of NCAP 2016 is to "enhance regional connectivity through fiscal support and infrastructure development"

While, it is the intent and focus of the Scheme that operation of a market based mechanism facilitates discovery of the optimum VGF requirements within specified VGF Caps, MoCA recognizes that in certain cases it is possible that a market based discovery of optimum VGF requirements may not happen due to lack of competition / uncertainty in market conditions and ex-post, the specified (normative) VGF Caps may end up seeming to be higher than the actual VGF requirement in future on account of factors like higher airfares for Non-RCS Seats, higher load factors, etc. Given that the focus of the Scheme is to provide air connectivity where it does not exist, the quantum or probability of such eventualities / outcomes in future cannot be ascertained by MoCA and potentially even the market ex-ante on account of the multiplicity of unascertainable factors. Further, the Scheme is premised on and continuing to encourage an open market mechanism where operators will be assessing demand on routes, developing networks through deployment of appropriate capacities & technologies, and take risks on account of factors like marketing of capacities, realizable demand, effect of ATF prices on costs / fares for Non-RCS Seats, etc. Accordingly, in consultation with stakeholders, MoCA recognizes that the risks retained with the operators have to be seen in their entirety.

The operation

Market mechanism

The operation of the Scheme is proposed to be through a market mechanism where operators will assess demand on routes; submit proposals for operating / providing connectivity on such route(s); seek VGF, if any, while committing to certain minimum operating conditions; and the same shall be finalized in interaction with other market participants as provided for in this Scheme

There was some rhythm, some ecstasy in this dance of flight that expressed the fact that happiness which touches depths and rises beyond physical confines is as old as consciousness, yet ever renewed, and is like the glorying flight of the birds" ― Elyne Mitchell, On the Trail of the Silver Brumby 


That's the thing about flying: You could talk to someone for hours and never even know his name, share your deepest secrets and then never see them again." ― Jennifer E. Smith, The Statistical Probability of Love at First Sight

"The thought of flight has melted me, I am less solid than liquid, then I'm going up and going invisible like steam." ― Elizabeth Knox, The Vintner's Luck

The desire to fly is an idea handed down to us by our ancestors who... looked enviously on the birds soaring freely through space... on the infinite highway of the air." ― Wilbur Wright


"Every bird that flies has the thread of the infinite in its claw." ― Victor Hugo, Les Misérables

"Come, fly with me!" cried the goddess, as she sped ahead of them, her extremities flaming with a comet tail of sparks in the supernatural wind. Her bubbling voice again echoed, her laughter bounced in the crystalline void, and she flew onward, unto eternity.... "Stop!" cried Elasirr. "Come back with us to the true world, O Tilirreh!" At which the orange one laughed, throwing her head back, saying, "Oh, but don't you know this is the one true world? It is but yours that is a pale specter, that is the dying place of dwindling truth?" "Then come back with us, lady," whispered Ranhé, "and restore the truth as it once was." ― Vera Nazarian, Lords of Rainbow


"We have to take flight. It's not given to us, served up on a pretty, parsley-bordered platter. We have to take wing. Was I brave enough to do that? Or would I be content to remain earthbound?" ― Elizabeth J. Church, The Atomic Weight of Love

"Flying might not be all plain sailing, but the fun of it is worth the price." ― Amelia Earhart, The Fun of It

"There is time for a fight and a time for a flight; knowing the right time to do one or the other can mean the difference between life and death" ― Bangambiki Habyarimana, Pearls Of Eternity 

"Nothing will ever equal that moment of joyous excitement which filled my whole being when I felt myself flying away from the earth. It was not mere pleasure; it was perfect bliss. Escaped from the frightful torments of persecution and of calumny, I felt that I was answering all in rising above all. [Said after making man's first ascent by hydrogen balloon in 1783]" ― Jacques Charles
"Tell your mother the Law of Stolen Flight.' 'Only flame, and things with wings. All the rest suffer stings." ― Jonathan Carroll, Bones of the Moon